Bouzouki is a
long-necked plucked lute of Greece. Resembling a mandolin, the
bouzouki has a round wooden body, with metal strings arranged in
three or four double courses over a fretted fingerboard. The musician
plucks the strings over the sound hole with a plectrum held in the
right hand, while pressing on the strings on the fingerboard with the
fingers of the left hand.
Derived from the Turkish bozuk and closely related to the Turkish saz and the Asian tanbur, the bouzouki was traditionally used for dancing and entertainment at social gatherings. It became a featured instrument in rebetika, a type of improvised early 20th-century music. Since gaining a wider audience, the bouzouki has become the major popular-music instrument of Greece. It is also played in a variety of musical genres throughout the world, including jazz, bluegrass, rock, and folk music.
Learning Bouzouki from a professional trainer can help you perform exercises that will help you attain the patterns for your left hand to follow on the fret board, while you play the string with your right. The idea with any exercise of this kind is to get your left hand to be able to do pretty much any sequence of notes that might be needed, and at the same time train your right hand to pick the right string without your eyes actually needing to look at the bouzouki at all.