A hand drum is any type of drum that is
typically played with the bare hand rather than a stick, mallet,
hammer, or other type of beater. The simplest type of hand drum is
the frame drum, which consists of a shallow, cylindrical shell with a
drumhead attached to one of the open ends.
In the middle and near east the tar is a frame drum common in Middle Eastern music, the tambourine is a frame drum with jingles attached to the shell, also the daf and the dayereh are Iranian frame drums. The most common African drum known to westerners is the djembe, a large, single-headed drum with a goblet shape.
Congas and bongos are essential to all kinds of Latin American music, especially that of the Caribbean and South American regions, used in both folklore (punta, santeria, rumba, etc.) and popular music such as merengue, salsa, son, boleros, bachata, cumbia, latin jazz, and others. The Tambora, a two-sided drum played with both a stick and a hand, is essential to the merengue dance of Dominican Republic. All of these above and more comprise of various kinds of hand drums one can learn in the wide variety of the percussion instruments available.