Salsa is a popular form of social dance that originated in New York with strong influences from Latin America, particularly Colombia, Cuba and Puerto Rico. In many styles of salsa dancing, as a dancer shifts their weight by stepping, the upper body remains level and nearly unaffected by the weight changes. Weight shifts cause the hips to move. Arm and shoulder movements are also incorporated. The Cuban Casino style of salsa dancing involves significant movement above the waist, with up-and-down shoulder movements and shifting of the ribcage.
The arms are used by the "lead"
dancer to communicate or signal the "follower," either in
"open" or "closed" position. The open position
requires the two dancers to hold one or both hands, especially for
moves that involve turns, putting arms behind the back, or moving
around each other, to name a few examples. In the closed position,
the leader puts the right hand on the follower's back, while the
follower puts the left hand on the leader's shoulder. Incorporating
other dance styling techniques into salsa dancing has become very
common, for both men and women: shimmies, leg work, arm work, body
movement, spins, body isolations, shoulder shimmies, rolls, even hand
styling, acrobatics and lifts.
Often, Salsa is peppy and can be danced in a club. While you may be dancing with someone technically, they are not holding you or you are not holding them. Lastly, dances can be difficult to master without seeing them visually, hence training under a professional Salsa dancer could help you learn at a fast pace. You'll be able to pick up on the moves and the timing by seeing it play out in real time.