Sarangi is a bowed instrument with a short neck. It is considered to be originated from Rajasthan. It has a unique feature to generate sounds same as humans and some vocal ornaments. The word Sarangi has been derived from two words namely Sau meaning hundred and rang meaning color. So sarangi means something that has various different colours. It is also believed to be a combination of two other words saar and ang. Saar means summary and ang means different forms of singing.
Therefore, Sarangi is essentially an instrument that can be used to play almost all styles and can be helpful in playing any kind of music and that too with a remarkable resonance. Sarangi looks like a box and it is carved out from a single piece of wood usually Tun wood. It contains of a bridge, 3 main gut strings and 35 sympathetic strings. The three main strings are bowed with the help of heavy horse-hair bow. For stopping them, nails, cuticles and surrounding flesh are mainly used. Use of finger tips is avoided for this purpose.
When sarangi is tuned properly and tones are played using main strings, it sounds like a bee-hive and echo-like resonance are raised which is immensely soothing and is achieved through proper training and practice, thus a trainer can help you and motivate you to achieve these goals.